IP/Networking Commands - CCNA Training Institute

IP/Networking Commands – CCNA Training Institute


IP/Networking Commands – CCNA Training Institute

There are a lot of IP commands with short descriptions listed here but you should only need the ones mentioned here at the top of the page to diagnose and configure your network.

C:>ipconfig /all
C:>ipconfig /release
C:>ipconfig /renew
C:\>nbtstat –a

Remember when typing from the command prompt you can only type one command per line, and press Enter after each one to execute it.

C:\>arp –a: is short for address resolution protocol, It will show the IP address of your computer along with the IP address and MAC address of your router.

C:\>hostname: This is the simplest of all TCP/IP commands. It simply displays the name of your computer.

C:\>ipconfig: The ipconfig command displays information about the host (the computer your sitting at)computer TCP/IP configuration.

C:\>ipconfig /all: This command displays detailed configuration information about your TCP/IP connection including Router, Gateway, DNS, DHCP, and type of Ethernet adapter in your system.

C:\>Ipconfig /renew: Using this command will renew all your IP addresses that you are currently (leasing) borrowing from the DHCP server. This command is a quick problem solver if you are having connection issues, but does not work if you have been configured with a static IP address.

C:\>Ipconifg /release: This command allows you to drop the IP lease from the DHCP server.

C:\>ipconfig /flushdns: This command is only needed if you’re having trouble with your networks DNS configuration. The best time to use this command is after network configuration frustration sets in, and you really need the computer to reply with flushed.

C:\>nbtstat –a: This command helps solve problems with NetBIOS name resolution. (Nbt stands for NetBIOS over TCP/IP)

C:\netdiag: Netdiag is a network testing utility that performs a variety of network diagnostic tests, allowing you to pinpoint problems in your network. Netdiag isn’t
installed by default, but can be installed from the Windows XP CD after saying no to the install. Navigate to the CD ROM drive letter and open the support\tools folder on the XP CD and click the setup.exe icon in the support\tools folder.

C:\>netstat: Netstat displays a variety of statistics about a computers active TCP/IP connections. This tool is most useful when you’re having trouble with TCP/IP applications such as HTTP, and FTP.

C:\>nslookup: Nslookup is used for diagnosing DNS problems. If you can access a resource by specifying an IP address but not it’s DNS you have a DNS problem.

C:\>pathping: Pathping is unique to Window’s, and is basically a combination of the Ping and Tracert commands. Pathping traces the route to the destination address then launches a 25 second test of each router along the way, gathering statistics on the rate of data loss along each hop.

C:\>ping: Ping is the most basic TCP/IP command, and it’s the same as placing a phone call to your best friend. You pick up your telephone and dial a number, expecting your best friend to reply with “Hello” on the other end. Computers make phone calls to each other over a network by using a Ping command.
The Ping commands main purpose is to place a phone call to another computer on the network, and request an answer. Ping has 2 options it can use to place a phone call to another computer on the network. It can use the computers name or IP address.

C:\>route: The route command displays the computers routing table. A typical
computer, with a single network interface, connected to a LAN, with a router is fairly simple and generally doesn’t pose any network problems. But if you’re having trouble accessing other computers on your network, you can use the route command to make sure the entries in the routing table are correct.

C:\>tracert: The tracert command displays a list of all the routers that a packet has to go through to get from the computer where tracert is run to any other computer on the internet.

Are you ready to take your career in IT to the next level? With the increasing demand for networking professionals, obtaining a Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) certification can open up a world of opportunities. And now, with the convenience of online training, achieving your CCNA certification has never been easier or more accessible. Join the best CCNA Training Institute Online.

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